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The JavaScript exception "return (or yield) not in function" occurs when a return or yield statement is called outside of a function.

Message

SyntaxError: 'return' statement outside of function (Edge)
SyntaxError: return not in function (Firefox)
SyntaxError: yield not in function (Firefox)

Error type

SyntaxError.

What went wrong?

A return or yield statement is called outside of a function. Maybe there are missing curly brackets somewhere? The return and yield statements must be in a function, because they end (or pause and resume) function execution and specify a value to be returned to the function caller.

Examples

Missing curly brackets

var cheer = function(score) {
  if (score === 147)
    return 'Maximum!';
  };
  if (score > 100) {
    return 'Century!';
  }
}

// SyntaxError: return not in function

The curly brackets look correct at a first glance, but this code snippet is missing a { after the first if statement. Correct would be:

var cheer = function(score) {
  if (score === 147) {
    return 'Maximum!';
  }
  if (score > 100) {
    return 'Century!';
  }
};

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: fscholz, mdnwebdocs-bot, PatrickKettner, nmve, lewisje
Last updated by: fscholz,