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The RangeError object indicates an error when a value is not in the set or range of allowed values.

Description

A RangeError is thrown when trying to pass a value as an argument to a function that does not allow a range that includes the value.

This can be encountered when:

Constructor

RangeError()
Creates a new RangeError object.

Instance properties

RangeError.prototype.message
Error message. Although ECMA-262 specifies that RangeError should provide its own message property, in SpiderMonkey, it inherits Error.prototype.message.
RangeError.prototype.name
Error name. Inherited from Error.
RangeError.prototype.fileName
Path to file that raised this error. Inherited from Error.
RangeError.prototype.lineNumber
Line number in file that raised this error. Inherited from Error.
RangeError.prototype.columnNumber
Column number in line that raised this error. Inherited from Error.
RangeError.prototype.stack
Stack trace. Inherited from Error.

Examples

Using RangeError (for numeric values)

function check(n)
{
    if( !(n >= -500 && n <= 500) )
    {
        throw new RangeError("The argument must be between -500 and 500.")
    }
}

try
{
    check(2000)
}
catch(error)
{
    if (error instanceof RangeError)
    {
        // Handle the error
    }
}

Using RangeError (for non-numeric values)

function check(value)
{
    if(["apple", "banana", "carrot"].includes(value) === false)
    {
        throw new RangeError('The argument must be an "apple", "banana", or "carrot".')
    }
}

try
{
    check("cabbage")
}
catch(error)
{
    if(error instanceof RangeError)
    {
        // Handle the error
    }
}

Specifications

Specification
ECMAScript (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'RangeError' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
RangeErrorChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support 5Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support 0.1.100
RangeError() constructorChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support 5Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support 0.1.100

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: mfuji09,