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The SyntaxError object represents an error when trying to interpret syntactically invalid code. It is thrown when the JavaScript engine encounters tokens or token order that does not conform to the syntax of the language when parsing code.

Constructor

SyntaxError()
Creates a new SyntaxError object.

Instance properties

SyntaxError.prototype.message
Error message. Although ECMA-262 specifies that SyntaxError should provide its own message property, in SpiderMonkey, it inherits Error.prototype.message.
SyntaxError.prototype.name
Error name. Inherited from Error.
SyntaxError.prototype.fileName
Path to file that raised this error. Inherited from Error.
SyntaxError.prototype.lineNumber
Line number in file that raised this error. Inherited from Error.
SyntaxError.prototype.columnNumber
Column number in line that raised this error. Inherited from Error.
SyntaxError.prototype.stack
Stack trace. Inherited from Error.

Examples

Catching a SyntaxError

try {
  eval('hoo bar');
} catch (e) {
  console.error(e instanceof SyntaxError); 
  console.error(e.message);                
  console.error(e.name);                   
  console.error(e.fileName);               
  console.error(e.lineNumber);             
  console.error(e.columnNumber);           
  console.error(e.stack);                  
}

Creating a SyntaxError

try {
  throw new SyntaxError('Hello', 'someFile.js', 10);
} catch (e) {
  console.error(e instanceof SyntaxError); // true
  console.error(e.message);                // Hello
  console.error(e.name);                   // SyntaxError
  console.error(e.fileName);               // someFile.js
  console.error(e.lineNumber);             // 10
  console.error(e.columnNumber);           // 0
  console.error(e.stack);                  // @debugger eval code:3:9
}

Specifications

Specification
ECMAScript (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'SyntaxError' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
SyntaxErrorChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support 5Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support 0.1.100
SyntaxError() constructorChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support 5Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support 0.1.100

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: mfuji09,